How Do Cats Act After Being Lost?

Initial Shock and Disorientation

When a cat first becomes lost, especially an indoor cat unfamiliar with the outdoors, they will likely experience initial shock and disorientation at finding themselves in an unfamiliar place. As documented by Missing Animal Response, cats are territorial animals that don’t simply run away from home like dogs might. So when a cat finds itself suddenly outside and lost, it can be incredibly disorienting and frightening.

According to Multnomah County Animal Services, a lost cat that is displaced into unfamiliar territory will often wander around aimlessly at first, meowing constantly, and showing clear signs of anxiety and distress. The Scaredy Cats organization notes that timid cats in particular will want to hide when lost, but may still vocalize frequently with panicked meowing. This initial panic reaction reflects their uncertainty about where they are and desire to reconnect with familiar territory.

In this shocked and disoriented state, a lost cat is unlikely to roam very far at first. They will be focused on the immediate surroundings, searching desperately for any familiar sights, sounds or smells that can provide some comfort while lost.

Searching for Familiar Sights, Sounds, and Smells

When a cat first realizes it is lost, one of its first instincts is to try to return to its familiar territory. As creatures of habit, cats have internal maps of the areas they frequent and know well. According to PetMD, even indoor-only cats retain memories of the nearby sights, sounds, and smells from looking out windows or being outside briefly1.

Lost cats will often make their way back to their home territory and search for familiar cues. They may meow loudly at doors or windows, hoping their owners will hear them and let them back inside. Basepaws notes lost cats remember the smells of their homes and families and try to follow these scents back2. However, underlying scents and landmarks can shift, making it harder for cats to retrace a precise path after an extended absence.

Changes in Behavior and Routine

Once a cat realizes it is lost and unable to find its way home, its normal routine and behaviors often change dramatically. An outdoor-access cat that disappears has had something interrupt its regular behavior of returning home, indicating an underlying problem (Missing Animal Response).

Lost cats tend to become extremely irregular with their eating and sleeping habits. With no familiar place to sleep or regular mealtimes, they will eat and sleep sporadically. Their circadian rhythms can become completely disrupted (Multnomah County).

Lost cats also tend to hide from people and other animals. Whereas a house cat is socialized to trust its family, a lost cat becomes fearful of all people, even its owners. Its instinct is to run and hide when anyone approaches. Some cats will hide constantly, only coming out at night to find food. Others may find a spot to hunker down and not leave for days or weeks (Missing Animal Response).

This anti-social behavior is a protective instinct encoded in a cat’s genetics and early experiences. Lost cats do not understand that humans are trying to help them. They perceive all unknown humans and animals as threats. Their fearful behavior aims to avoid detection from predators or territorial competitors (Multnomah County).

Survival Instincts Kick In

Once lost cats realize they are on their own, their survival instincts kick in. This often manifests as a shift to more feral behaviors focused on hunting, foraging, and finding shelter. Cats in survival mode will become more territorial as they try to establish a new home range for themselves.

Lost cats start hunting small prey like mice, birds, and insects in order to feed themselves. They also begin searching for sources of food and water, scavenging in trash bins and around human dwellings. Some lost cats even resort to killing pets or livestock in order to survive.

Their daily routines and habits change dramatically as survival becomes the primary focus. Lost cats become most active at dawn and dusk when prey is abundant. They find shelters in sheds, under porches, in drainage pipes, abandoned vehicles, or anywhere else that provides protection.

Territorial marking through spraying urine on vertical surfaces is common as lost cats try to establish new boundaries. They may hiss, growl, or even attack other animals encroaching on their newly claimed territory. This shift to more aggressive behavior helps lost cats stake their claim on the resources they need to survive.

In summary, lost cats quickly adopt survival strategies involving hunting, foraging, and territoriality. Their instincts drive them to whatever behaviors are necessary to stay alive on their own.

Depression and Hopelessness

Lost cats may go through a period of depression after being separated from their family and home for an extended period of time. As the reality sets in that they are lost and alone, they may start to feel hopeless about being reunited with their owners. This can lead to symptoms of depression such as lethargy, lack of appetite, poor grooming habits, and general apathy.

According to WebMD, signs of a depressed cat include cowering, hiding, decreased energy, loss of interest in play, and neglecting grooming 1. The longer a cat is lost, the more despondent they are likely to become. Cats thrive on routine and familiar environments. Being removed abruptly from their home leaves them feeling unsettled and anxious. As they struggle to adapt to new surroundings, the sadness can intensify.

Depressed lost cats may stop grooming themselves properly. Their coats can become matted and dirty. They are also likely to sleep more and move around less while in this state of despair. Food is of little interest to them, so their appetite decreases significantly. All of these symptoms are signs of a cat who has lost hope that their life will return to normal.

If a lost cat manages to find a new companion, whether another stray cat or a kind human who takes them in, the companionship can lift their spirits. But many lost cats struggle with depression while trying to survive on their own. Being alert to the symptoms of depression can help identify lost cats who need rescue and rehabilitation.

Bonding with New Companions

When lost cats are unable to find their way home or be reunited with their families, they often seek companionship with other stray cats for social bonding, protection, and shared resources. Cats are social creatures that usually live in colonies, so stray cats will often join an existing group of strays or form new groups ([1]).

Stray cats bond with each other by grooming, playing, sleeping near each other, and sharing food resources. Although stray cats do not share the same close human-cat bond with their owners, they are capable of forming close social ties with other cats ([2]). Being part of a colony provides lost cats protection, shared nursing and grooming duties, and help finding food and shelter.

In addition to bonding with other strays, lost cats may also form bonds with new human caregivers who provide them with regular food, water, and shelter. While lost cats still hold out hope of reuniting with their original families, forming relationships with caring humans or cat colonies helps them survive while living outdoors ([3]).

[1] https://www.alleycat.org/resources/feral-and-stray-cats-an-important-difference/

[2] https://www.quora.com/Are-street-cats-able-to-make-friends-with-other-cats-Do-they-get-sad-if-their-friends-go-missing-or-die

[3] https://boards.weddingbee.com/topic/help-losing-one-pet-from-a-bonded-pair/

Relief and Affection if Reunited

Cats typically react with great enthusiasm when reunited with their owner after being lost. They may express their relief and joy through increased purring, rubbing against their owner affectionately, and exhibiting signs of excitement like dilated pupils and an energetic, playful mood (1). The cat may have a regained appetite and interest in food after enduring hunger and difficult foraging while lost. According to one study, cats that had been left alone for longer periods purred and stretched more when their owners returned, indicating stronger affection (2). This intense positive reaction reflects the cat’s attachment to their owner and the security they feel in that relationship.

The cat’s excitement and relief response can help confirm that they did indeed miss the owner while separated. Some signs that a cat is happy to be back with a long lost owner include kneading or suckling behaviors retained from kittenhood, relaxed body language, a bright mood, and refusing to leave the owner’s side. Cats form attachments to their human caretakers just like dogs, so the reunion after a scary stray period can be emotional for both parties. Make sure to provide extra affection and comfort when welcoming home a cat that’s been lost to help them readjust and recover.

Lasting Trauma and Behavior Changes

Being lost and alone for any period of time can be extremely traumatic for a cat. If a cat manages to find its way home or is reunited with its owner after being lost, the psychological impact of the experience may lead to lasting behavior changes.

Common signs of trauma after a cat returns from being lost include:

  • Anxiety – The cat may become much more nervous and fearful, startling easily or acting skittish and withdrawn.
  • Clinginess – Where the cat used to be independent, it may suddenly become velcroed to its owner, following them from room to room and demanding constant affection and reassurance.
  • Aggression – Some cats become more irritable after a traumatic experience, potentially lashing out or biting even trusted humans.
  • Phobias – Being lost can instill a lasting phobia of the outdoors, certain places the cat got lost, or even cats they met on the streets.

These kinds of behavior changes may gradually diminish over time as the cat readjusts to being home and regains a sense of safety and security. However, the trauma of being lost can have profound and permanent effects on some cats. Owners will need to be patient, loving, and accommodate the cat’s needs during the recovery period.

Preventative Measures

There are several preventative measures cat owners can take to help reduce the chances of their cat getting lost.

Collars with identification tags are one of the most basic but important preventions. The tags should include the cat’s name, your name and phone number. This gives anyone who finds your lost cat a way to contact you. Breakaway collars are recommended for cat collars in case the collar gets caught on something, it will detach rather than potentially strangling your cat.

Microchipping your cat is another essential preventative measure. A microchip is implanted under the cat’s skin and contains identification information. If your lost cat ends up at an animal shelter or vet’s office, they will scan for a microchip to get your contact information and notify you of your cat’s whereabouts. Microchips give you the best chance of being reunited with your lost cat.[1]

Providing a fenced in yard is ideal for letting your cat enjoy the outdoors while reducing chances of them wandering off. The fencing should be secure and high enough that they cannot jump over it. You still need to supervise your cat when outside even in a fenced area.

In general, supervision is key anytime your cat is not inside your home. Always keeping them on a leash or harness when outside gives you control over your cat’s movements. Being attentive reduces opportunities for your cat to slip away and get lost.

What to Do if Your Cat is Lost

If your cat has gone missing, it is important to take quick action to try to find them. Here are some tips on what to do:

First, thoroughly search the nearby area, including under bushes, porches, decks, sheds and any other spots a cat may crawl into or hide. Search inside the house as well, in case your cat is trapped somewhere inside. Check backyards and alleys nearby too.

Next, contact local animal shelters and animal control to file a lost pet report in case your cat is brought in. Provide a detailed description of your cat along with any photos you may have. You can also check their websites for found cat listings.

Create “Lost Cat” flyers with your cat’s photo, description and your contact information and post them around the neighborhood. Target areas your cat is known to frequent. You can also post about your lost cat on neighborhood social media pages and websites like Nextdoor.com.

Leave out familiar bedding or your cat’s litter box outside so your cat can pick up their scent and find their way home. The scent from these items may also attract your cat back. You can also leave unwashed clothing that smells like you outside, as your scent may draw your cat back as well.

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