This Bizarre Cat Breed Has a Surprising Black Gum Color – Here’s Why


Some cat breeds are known to naturally have black gums due to pigmentation. Black gums in cats can sometimes indicate certain health conditions, but in some breeds they are completely normal. This article will provide an overview of cat breeds that commonly have black gums as one of their distinguishing characteristics.

Scottish Fold

The Scottish Fold is one of the cat breeds with black gums. This breed originated in Scotland in the 1960s when a farmer discovered a cat with folded ears.[1]

Some key physical traits of the Scottish Fold include:

  • Folded ears – the signature trait of this breed
  • Round eyes
  • Thick double coat
  • Short legs
  • Black gums

Scottish Folds are known for their calm, placid temperaments. They tend to be quiet cats that enjoy human companionship. While energetic at times, they are often content lounging around the house. Their sweet personalities have earned them the nickname “douce grise” which means “sweet gray” in French.



The Persian cat breed originated in Iran, formerly known as Persia. They are one of the oldest cat breeds that are still bred today. Some key physical traits of the Persian cat include a round head, short muzzle, flat face, large expressive eyes, and a long and flowing coat.

Persians are known for being quiet, calm, gentle cats. They enjoy being petted and sitting on laps. Due to their pushed-in faces, they may snore loudly and have breathing issues. Persians require daily grooming to prevent matting and tangles in their long fur. Their docile personality makes them a popular companion for families with children.


Persian Cat Info

Exotic Shorthair

The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat developed to be a shorthaired version of the Persian. The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in many ways, sharing the same body type, but with a short, plush coat.

The Exotic Shorthair originated as a cross between the Persian and the American Shorthair. The intent was to develop a Persian cat with a short, manageable coat. The first Exotic Shorthair was recognized as a new breed by the Cat Fanciers’ Association in 1966.

The Exotic Shorthair has a heavily-boned, muscular body like the Persian. It has a round head, short nose, big eyes, and small ears. The coat is short, dense, and plush like velvet. Exotics come in a variety of colors and patterns including solid, tabby, calico, and Himalayan.

The Exotic Shorthair has a gentle, calm personality like the Persian but is slightly livelier. Exotics are easygoing, sweet-natured cats that adapt well to apartment living. They enjoy being lap cats and receiving attention from their owners.

British Shorthair

The British Shorthair is one of the oldest cat breeds native to Britain. Originating from domesticated cats of ancient Rome, this breed has a working cat ancestry and a long lineage in Great Britain.

British Shorthairs have a distinctive appearance with a robust build and short, dense coat. Their most identifiable trait is their round face and large round eyes. Their coat comes in a variety of colors and patterns including solid, tabby, calico and bicolor. Their wide face with full cheeks gives them a sweet expression. In personality, British Shorthairs are easygoing, calm and affectionate but not overly demanding of attention.

A distinguishing feature of British Shorthairs is that some cats of this breed may have black gums. The dark pigmentation in their gums is most noticeable along their back teeth and canines. While mostly an aesthetic trait, black gums in British Shorthairs can be prone to gingivitis or stomatitis according to some sources. Proper dental care and gum health monitoring is advised for the breed.



The Chartreux is an ancient breed from France dating back to the 16th century. These muscular, medium-large cats were originally bred as ratters and companions. Their most distinctive trait is their blue-gray coat, which is thick and water-repellent. The Chartreux has a robust, sturdy body with relatively short, fine-boned limbs [1].

Temperament-wise, the Chartreux is generally quiet and observant. They tend to bond strongly with their human families while remaining somewhat aloof with strangers. Despite their imposing appearance, Chartreux are gentle, calm cats that thrive on companionship. They enjoy interacting with their owners and spending time near family members. The Chartreux is playful yet not overly demanding of attention.



The Bombay cat breed originated in Louisville, Kentucky in 1958. Nikki Horner, a breeder, wanted to create a cat that resembled a mini black panther. To develop the breed, Horner crossed a Burmese cat with a black American Shorthair. This resulted in a cat with a sleek, panther-like coat and vibrant copper eyes.

Bombay cats have a distinctive short, satin-like black coat and bright copper or yellow eyes. Their fur is extremely dense and lies close to the body. Bombays are a medium-sized breed with a muscular build. They have round heads with rounded whisker pads and large, wide-set ears. Bombays are known for their playful personalities. They form strong bonds with their owners and enjoy interacting with people. Bombays are active, social cats that enjoy toys and games. They tend to be talkative and like “conversing” with their owners.


The Sphynx cat breed originated in Toronto, Canada in the 1960s when a domestic cat gave birth to a hairless kitten due to a natural mutation [1]. This kitten was bred with other cats to develop the hairless breed known today as the Sphynx. Some key physical traits of the Sphynx breed are their lack of fur coating, large ears, and wedge-shaped heads.

Sphynx cats are known for their hairless bodies, although they are not completely furless. They have a downy coat that may be covered in fine peach fuzz. Their skin is very warm to the touch. Sphynx cats often have black or dark gums, which is normal for the breed. The lack of fur reduces the risk of shedding and allergies.

The Sphynx is an affectionate, outgoing, and intelligent breed. They crave human companionship and often bond strongly with their owners. Sphynx cats love to be the center of attention and thrive on playtime and interaction. Their energetic personality means they require a good amount of exercise and stimulation.

Devon Rex

The Devon Rex is a breed of intelligent, short-haired cat that emerged in Devonshire, England in the late 1950s. This breed is known for its tousled coat, oversized ears, rounded cheeks, and big eyes. Some key facts about Devon Rex cats:

  • Origin – The Devon Rex descended from a feral cat named Kirlee, who produced a curly-coated kitten named Devon Rex in 1959. This marked the beginning of the Devon Rex breed.
  • Physical traits – Devon Rex cats have a small slender body, oversized ears, elongated limbs, and a short, soft curly coat. Their coat comes in many colors and patterns.
  • Temperament – Devon Rex cats are playful, mischievous, and highly affectionate. They form strong bonds with their human families and get along well with children and other pets.

Overall, the Devon Rex is an energetic and devoted companion cat known for its distinctive curly coat and quirky personality.


In summary, there are a handful of cat breeds that are known for having black or very dark gums. This trait is most prominent in breeds like the Bombay, British Shorthair, Persian, and Exotic Shorthair. While not all cats of these breeds will have black gums, it is a distinguishing characteristic.

The coloration of a cat’s gums can signify certain genetic traits or health conditions in some cases. However, in most breeds, gum color is simply an aesthetic quality. Some cat owners even find the striking appearance of black gums to be quite beautiful.

Overall, gum color alone does not necessarily indicate much about a cat’s health or temperament. Yet, for certain cat fanciers and breeders, it is considered an attractive and desirable attribute that adds to the cat’s mystique. Whether you have a cat with pale pink gums or jet black gums, what matters most is that your feline companion is happy and healthy.

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