The Best Color Laser Pointer to Captivate Your Cat


Laser pointers have become a very popular toy for cat owners to use when playing with their feline companions. The small, bright red dot produced by a laser pointer triggers a cat’s natural prey drive and provides an outlet for exercise through chasing and pouncing. Many cat owners report that their cats love stalking, chasing, and pouncing on these laser dots. The laser dot moves quickly and unpredictably like prey, stimulating cats’ hunting instincts and providing enrichment. While laser pointers can be an enjoyable way to play with cats, some concerns have been raised over their use. This article will provide an overview of laser pointer play for cats, including the benefits and potential downsides, safety considerations, guidelines for use, and alternative cat toys.

Safety Concerns

Laser pointers can pose a risk to cats’ eyes if not used properly. As one source explains, “If you shine a laser light directly into your cat’s eyes, however, it can harm your cat’s vision and can even permanently damage their eyes” (Hill’s Pet). Blinding a cat with a laser pointer can cause retinal damage. According to experts, it’s important to never shine a laser pointer directly into a cat’s eyes or allow the beam to get too close to their face (PetMD). The safest way to use a laser pointer is to keep the beam near the floor and away from the cat’s face. With reasonable precautions, laser pointers can be used safely, but owners should be very careful about where they point the laser.

Cat Vision

Cat vision differs in notable ways from human vision. While humans are trichromats and can see a wide range of colors, cats are believed to be dichromats and only perceive limited color ranges ( Cats can see shades of blue and green, but reds appear more green and pinks tend to look gray. This is because cats lack some of the cones in their eyes that allow humans to distinguish red, green, and blue hues (

In addition, cats have a wider field of vision than humans do – about 200 degrees compared to 180 degrees. Their vision also functions better in low light conditions. However, cat vision lacks the sharpness and detail that humans experience. Overall, cat color perception is more dull than human color perception.

Prey Drive

Cats naturally have an instinct to hunt prey. As predators, their eyes are designed to detect the movement of potential prey animals, which triggers their prey drive. Laser pointers create a moving red dot that simulates the movement of prey, tapping into a cat’s hardwired hunting behaviors.

According to Dr. Nicholas Dodman, a veterinary behaviorist, “your dog instinctively chases laser beams simply because they move. Movement triggers a dog’s innate prey drive”. This is also true for cats, whose visual system evolved specifically to detect motion in order to hunt. When cats see a laser pointer, their prey drive takes over as they become focused on capturing the moving dot.

While lasers do allow cats to practice their hunting skills, they are unable to complete the sequence by catching and killing the “prey.” This can lead to obsession, frustration, and stress in some cats who are left unsatisfied after the hunt.

Red Lasers

Red laser pointers can be frustrating for cats since the red laser mimics the movement of prey that cats are instinctually driven to hunt and catch. However, cats are never able to actually catch the red laser dot. This can trigger the cat’s prey drive without providing closure or a reward through capturing the “prey.” The hunting instinct and movement of the red laser induces excitement and arousal in the cat, but the inability to catch the prey leaves the cat in an unresolved, agitated state once the laser pointer is turned off [1].

The red laser stimulates the prey drive and activates the cat to hunt, but does not provide the satisfaction of a successful catch and kill. This lack of closure and inability to resolve the hunting sequence can cause cats to exhibit signs of frustration, agitation, and stress after play sessions with a red laser pointer [2]. Cats may continue searching obsessively for the red dot, meow persistently, or behave aggressively following red laser play. Using red laser pointers repeatedly without pairing it with a reward can lead to neurotic behaviors in cats over time.

Green Lasers

Green laser pointers tend to work best for playing with cats. This is because cats’ eyes are most sensitive to wavelengths of light between 454-561 nanometers, which corresponds to the color green (source: Cats have a high concentration of rod cells in their retinas, which allow them to see movement very well, especially in low light conditions. The green color stimulates these rod cells optimally.

Since cats are natural hunters, the green laser reminds them of chasing prey. As they evolved, their vision became attuned to the green-yellow light spectrum of grasslands, which is where cats hunted small rodents and birds. The green laser triggers their prey drive and provides mental stimulation. According to cat experts, green laser pointers are ideal because they create a clear bright dot that cats can hone in on and chase (source:

Overall, green laser pointers leverage cats’ natural vision and instincts, making them the best color for playtime. Just be sure to use them responsibly by limiting sessions to 5-10 minutes and keeping lasers away from eyes.

Other Colors

While red laser pointers tend to excite cats the most due to their keen vision for that color, cats can also see and chase laser pointers of other colors like green, blue, and purple. According to research from HowStuffWorks, cats likely react to the movement of the laser dot rather than the specific color. So they will chase laser pointers of any color, but may be most sensitive to red.

Some cat owners find their cats are still interested in chasing laser dots of colors besides red, just with a bit less intensity. Green laser pointers in the 532 nm wavelength produce a bright green dot that cats can detect and follow. However, green lasers require more power to be as visible to cats compared to red. Blue and violet laser pointers, while visible to cats, take even more power to produce a dot intense enough for chasing. So while cats can see other laser pointer colors, red remains the most stimulating.

Laser Pointer Guidelines

Laser pointers can be an enjoyable form of play and exercise for cats when used properly. Here are some tips for safe, effective laser pointer play:

Only use laser pointers made for pets – avoid industrial-strength lasers that can cause eye injuries. Green laser pointers tend to be safer than red.

Keep laser pointer sessions short, about 5-10 minutes once or twice a day. Longer sessions can cause obsessive fixation. Allow your cat to “catch” the dot at the end by placing a treat where it ends up 1.

Make sure your cat does not get overheated or exhausted from chasing the laser. Let your cat rest if they seem overwhelmed.

Move the laser dot around on different surfaces and vary the speed to make it more challenging and entertaining.

End each laser play session by redirecting your cat’s focus to other toys and interactions with you.

Avoid shining the laser pointer in your cat’s eyes or face. Do not leave lasers around unattended where your cat or other pets could accidentally turn it on and shine it.

Consider combining laser pointer play with food puzzles, wand toys, and other enrichment activities for a complete cat play and exercise routine.

Other Cat Toys

While laser pointers can provide stimulation for cats, there are some concerns around their use. Fortunately, there are many excellent interactive cat toy alternatives that provide mental and physical enrichment for felines. These toys tap into cats’ natural instincts to stalk, chase, pounce, and catch prey.

Some top-rated interactive cat toys include treat-dispensing puzzle toys, electronic motion toys, interactive wand toys, and track ball toys. Treat puzzles like the Frisco Butterfly Cat Tracks reward your cat’s hunting skills and keep their mind engaged. Electronic motion toys like the SmartyKat Hot Pursuit allow cats to tap into their prey drive and chase light and sound effects.

Wand toys and feather teasers let owners actively engage with kitty playtime. Track ball towers give cats an outlet to bat and swat moving balls. There are endless interactive toys to keep cats mentally stimulated and prevent boredom or behavioral issues. With so many enriching alternatives, laser pointers are not necessary for feline fun and exercise.


In conclusion, when choosing a laser pointer to use with cats, opt for lasers with green beams over red. Green laser light is easier for cats to see and less likely to damage their vision. However, use any laser pointer only in moderation, as cats can become obsessed and frustrated chasing an elusive dot of light. Limit laser play to just a few minutes at a time, and be sure to switch to other toys that allow your cat to actually “catch” prey. With responsible use, laser pointers can be an amusing way to exercise a cat’s natural hunting instincts, but they should never replace substantive interaction and playtime with you.

The key takeaways are:

  • Green laser pointers are safer and more visible for cats.
  • Only use laser pointers for short periods of time.
  • Combine laser play with other interactive toys.
  • Don’t replace quality engagement with laser obsession.

With the right balance of laser games and other enrichment, you can entertain your cat’s prey drive and strengthen your bond.

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